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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, DC 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2022
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934.
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number 1-38962
FISERV, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in Its Charter)
Wisconsin 39-1506125
(State or Other Jurisdiction of
Incorporation or Organization)
 (I. R. S. Employer
Identification No.)
255 Fiserv Drive, Brookfield, WI 53045
(Address of Principal Executive Offices and zip code)
(262) 879-5000
(Registrant’s Telephone Number, Including Area Code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, par value $0.01 per shareFISVThe NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
0.375% Senior Notes due 2023FISV23The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
1.125% Senior Notes due 2027FISV27The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
1.625% Senior Notes due 2030FISV30The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
2.250% Senior Notes due 2025FISV25The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
3.000% Senior Notes due 2031FISV31The NASDAQ Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes      No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).    Yes      No  


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Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company,” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.    
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes      No  
As of April 22, 2022, there were 646,394,065 shares of common stock, $.01 par value, of the registrant outstanding.

Table of Contents                                 
INDEX
  Page
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 3.
Item 4.
Item 1.
Item 2.
Item 6.


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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
Fiserv, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Income
(In millions, except per share data)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Revenue:
Processing and services (1)
$3,364 $3,054 
Product774 701 
Total revenue4,138 3,755 
Expenses:
Cost of processing and services1,436 1,397 
Cost of product536 510 
Selling, general and administrative1,467 1,373 
Gain on sale of assets(147) 
Total expenses3,292 3,280 
Operating income846 475 
Interest expense, net(168)(176)
Other (expense) income(4)21 
Income before income taxes and income from investments in unconsolidated affiliates674 320 
Income tax provision(98)(18)
Income from investments in unconsolidated affiliates106 16 
Net income682 318 
Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests and redeemable noncontrolling interests13 14 
Net income attributable to Fiserv, Inc.$669 $304 
Net income attributable to Fiserv, Inc. per share – basic$1.03 $0.45 
Net income attributable to Fiserv, Inc. per share – diluted$1.02 $0.45 
Shares used in computing net income attributable to Fiserv, Inc. per share:
Basic650.8 668.6 
Diluted657.2 679.9 
(1)Includes processing and other fees charged to related party investments accounted for under the equity method of $51 million and $58 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively (see Note 18).
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
1

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Fiserv, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Net income$682 $318 
Other comprehensive income (loss):
Fair market value adjustment on cash flow hedges, net of income tax benefit (provision) of $0 million and ($0 million)
(1)1 
Reclassification adjustment for net realized gains on cash flow hedges included in cost of processing and services, net of income tax provision of $0 million and $0 million
(1)(2)
Reclassification adjustment for net realized losses on cash flow hedges included in net interest expense, net of income tax benefit of $1 million and $1 million
4 4 
Unrealized (loss) gain on defined benefit pension plans, net of income tax benefit (provision) of $0 million and ($0 million)
(1)1 
Foreign currency translation, net of income tax (see Note 12)87 (162)
Total other comprehensive income (loss)88 (158)
Comprehensive income$770 $160 
Less: net income attributable to noncontrolling interests and redeemable noncontrolling interests
13 14 
Plus: other comprehensive loss attributable to noncontrolling interests(17)(9)
Comprehensive income attributable to Fiserv, Inc.$774 $155 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
2

Table of Contents                                 
Fiserv, Inc.
Consolidated Balance Sheets
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
March 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Assets
Cash and cash equivalents$863 $835 
Trade accounts receivable, less allowance for doubtful accounts2,911 2,860 
Prepaid expenses and other current assets1,429 1,523 
Settlement assets13,240 13,652 
Total current assets18,443 18,870 
Property and equipment, net1,729 1,742 
Customer relationships, net9,482 9,991 
Other intangible assets, net3,960 4,018 
Goodwill36,538 36,433 
Contract costs, net840 811 
Investments in unconsolidated affiliates2,579 2,561 
Other long-term assets1,899 1,823 
Total assets$75,470 $76,249 
Liabilities and Equity
Accounts payable and accrued expenses$3,327 $3,550 
Short-term and current maturities of long-term debt552 508 
Contract liabilities611 585 
Settlement obligations13,240 13,652 
Total current liabilities17,730 18,295 
Long-term debt20,518 20,729 
Deferred income taxes3,983 4,172 
Long-term contract liabilities230 225 
Other long-term liabilities867 878 
Total liabilities43,328 44,299 
Commitments and Contingencies (see Note 17)
Redeemable Noncontrolling Interests164 278 
Fiserv, Inc. Shareholders’ Equity:
Preferred stock, no par value: 25 million shares authorized; none issued
  
Common stock, $0.01 par value: 1,800 million shares authorized; 784 million shares issued
8 8 
Additional paid-in capital22,950 22,983 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(640)(745)
Retained earnings15,515 14,846 
Treasury stock, at cost, 137 million and 134 million shares
(6,561)(6,140)
Total Fiserv, Inc. shareholders’ equity31,272 30,952 
Noncontrolling interests706 720 
Total equity31,978 31,672 
Total liabilities and equity$75,470 $76,249 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
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Fiserv, Inc.
Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (1)
(In millions)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended
March 31,
20222021
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income$682 $318 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and other amortization313 276 
Amortization of acquisition-related intangible assets486 521 
Amortization of financing costs and debt discounts11 13 
Share-based compensation61 66 
Deferred income taxes(183)(70)
Gain on sale of assets(147) 
Income from investments in unconsolidated affiliates(106)(16)
Distributions from unconsolidated affiliates19 3 
Non-cash impairment charges 6 
Other operating activities3 (18)
Changes in assets and liabilities, net of effects from acquisitions:
Trade accounts receivable(60)(129)
Prepaid expenses and other assets(130)(39)
Contract costs(88)(92)
Accounts payable and other liabilities(78)102 
Contract liabilities32 11 
Net cash provided by operating activities815 952 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital expenditures, including capitalized software and other intangibles(331)(234)
Proceeds from sale of assets175  
Payments for acquisition of businesses, net of cash acquired (281)
Distributions from unconsolidated affiliates61 32 
Purchases of investments(8)(227)
Proceeds from sale of investments3 2 
Net cash used in investing activities(100)(708)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Debt proceeds705 2,182 
Debt repayments(1,086)(1,725)
Net proceeds from (repayments of) commercial paper and short-term borrowings218 (56)
Proceeds from issuance of treasury stock43 43 
Purchases of treasury stock, including employee shares withheld for tax obligations(544)(742)
Settlement activity, net(400)(82)
Distributions paid to noncontrolling interests and redeemable noncontrolling interests
(13)(10)
Other financing activities (3)
Net cash used in financing activities(1,077)(393)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents(10)(8)
Net change in cash and cash equivalents(372)(157)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning balance3,205 2,569 
Cash and cash equivalents, ending balance$2,833 $2,412 
(1)     The company revised, for comparable purposes with the current period’s presentation, the consolidated statement of cash flows presentation for the three months ended March 31, 2021 to include cash and cash equivalents within settlement assets as a component of total cash and cash equivalents. Additional information is included in Note 1.
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.
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Fiserv, Inc.
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)
1. Basis of Presentation and Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
Basis of Presentation
The consolidated financial statements for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 are unaudited. In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair presentation of the consolidated financial statements have been included. Such adjustments consisted of normal recurring items. Interim results are not necessarily indicative of results for a full year. The consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes are presented as permitted by Form 10-Q and do not contain certain information included in the annual consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes of Fiserv, Inc. (the “Company”). These interim consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and accompanying notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2021.
Principles of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Fiserv, Inc. and its subsidiaries in which the Company holds a controlling financial interest. All intercompany transactions and balances between the Company and its subsidiaries have been eliminated in consolidation. Control is typically established when ownership and voting interests in an entity are greater than 50%. Investments in which the Company has significant influence but not control are accounted for using the equity method of accounting, for which the Company’s share of net income or loss is reported within income from investments in unconsolidated affiliates and the related tax expense or benefit is reported within the income tax provision in the consolidated statements of income. Significant influence over an affiliate’s operations generally coincides with an ownership interest of between 20% and 50%; however, for partnerships and limited liability companies, an ownership interest of between 3% and 50% or board of director representation may also constitute significant influence.
The Company maintains a majority controlling financial interest in certain entities, mostly related to consolidated merchant alliances (see Note 18). Noncontrolling interests represent the minority shareholders’ share of the net income or loss and equity in consolidated subsidiaries. The Company’s noncontrolling interests presented in the consolidated statements of income include net income attributable to noncontrolling interests and redeemable noncontrolling interests. Noncontrolling interests are presented as a component of equity in the consolidated balance sheets. Noncontrolling interests that are redeemable upon the occurrence of an event that is not solely within the Company’s control are presented outside of equity and are carried at their estimated redemption value if it exceeds the initial carrying value of the redeemable interest (see Note 10).
Use of Estimates
The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States (“U.S.”) requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenue and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. The Company continues to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on its consolidated financial statements and has determined that there have been no material changes to date as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic on the estimates and assumptions made by management. The Company will continue to monitor developments related to the COVID-19 pandemic; however, the extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic may impact the Company's future operational and financial performance remains uncertain and difficult to predict.
Cash and Cash Equivalents
Cash and cash equivalents consist of cash and investments with original maturities of 90 days or less. Cash and cash equivalents are stated at cost in the consolidated balance sheets, which approximates market value. Cash and cash equivalents that were restricted from use due to regulatory or other requirements are included in other long-term assets in the consolidated balance sheets. Cash and cash equivalents held on behalf of merchants and other payees are included in settlement assets in the consolidated balance sheets.
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The following table provides a reconciliation between cash and cash equivalents on the consolidated balance sheets and the consolidated statements of cash flows at:
(In millions)March 31, 2022December 31, 2021March 31, 2021
Cash and cash equivalents on the consolidated balance sheets
$863 $835 $831 
Cash and cash equivalents included in settlement assets
1,961 2,361 1,568 
Other restricted cash9 9 13 
Total cash and cash equivalents on the consolidated statements of cash flows
$2,833 $3,205 $2,412 
The Company revised the consolidated statement of cash flows for the three months ended March 31, 2021 to reflect settlement cash and cash equivalents within settlement assets as a component of total cash and cash equivalents on the consolidated statement of cash flows. The changes in settlement cash and cash equivalents for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021 of ($400) million and ($82) million, respectively, have been included in settlement activity, net within cash flows from financing activities.
Allowance for Doubtful Accounts
The Company analyzes the collectability of trade accounts receivable by considering historical bad debts, client creditworthiness, current economic trends, changes in client payment terms and collection trends when evaluating the adequacy of the allowance for doubtful accounts. Any change in the assumptions used in analyzing a specific account receivable may result in an additional allowance for doubtful accounts being recognized in the period in which the change occurs. The allowance for doubtful accounts was $47 million and $55 million at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
Settlement Assets and Obligations
Settlement assets and obligations result from timing differences between collection and fulfillment of payment transactions and collateral amounts held to manage merchant credit risk, primarily associated with the Company’s merchant acquiring services. Settlement assets represent cash received or amounts receivable from agents, payment networks, bank partners, merchants or directly from consumers. Settlement obligations represent amounts payable to merchants and payees. Certain merchant settlement asset receivables that relate to settlement obligations are held by partner banks to which the Company does not have legal ownership but has the right to use the assets to satisfy the related settlement obligations. The Company records settlement obligations for amounts payable to merchants and for outstanding payment instruments issued to payees that have not yet been presented for settlement.
Allowance for Merchant Credit Losses
With respect to the Company’s merchant acquiring business, the Company’s merchant customers have the legal obligation to refund any charges properly reversed by the cardholder. However, in the event the Company is not able to collect the refunded amounts from the merchants, the Company may be liable for the reversed charges. The Company’s risk in this area primarily relates to situations where the cardholder has purchased goods or services to be delivered in the future. The Company requires cash deposits, guarantees, letters of credit or other types of collateral from certain merchants to minimize this obligation. Collateral held by the Company, or funds held by partner banks for the Company’s benefit, is classified within settlement assets and the obligation to repay the collateral is classified within settlement obligations in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company also utilizes a number of systems and procedures to manage merchant credit risk. Despite these efforts, the Company experiences some level of losses due to merchant defaults.
The aggregate merchant credit loss expense, recognized by the Company within cost of processing and services in the consolidated statements of income, was $8 million and $22 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. The amount of collateral available to the Company was $2.0 billion and $2.2 billion at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively. The Company maintains an allowance for merchant credit losses that are expected to exceed the amount of merchant collateral. The allowance includes estimated losses from anticipated chargebacks and fraud events that have been incurred on merchants’ payment transactions that have been processed but not yet reported to the Company, which is recorded within accounts payable and accrued expenses in the consolidated balance sheets, as well as estimated losses on refunded amounts to cardholders that have not yet been collected from the merchants, which is recorded within prepaid expenses and other current assets in the consolidated balance sheets. The allowance is based primarily on the Company’s historical experience of credit losses and other relevant factors such as changes in economic conditions or increases in merchant
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fraud. The aggregate merchant credit loss allowance was $29 million and $42 million at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
Goodwill
Goodwill represents the excess of purchase price over the fair value of identifiable assets acquired and liabilities assumed in a business combination. The Company evaluates goodwill for impairment on an annual basis, or more frequently if circumstances indicate possible impairment. Goodwill is tested for impairment at a reporting unit level, which is one level below the Company’s reportable segments. The Company’s most recent annual impairment assessment of its reporting units in the fourth quarter of 2021 determined that its goodwill was not impaired as the estimated fair values exceeded the carrying values. However, it is reasonably possible that future developments related to the interest rate environment, the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic or changes in significant assumptions used in the quantitative test on certain of the Company’s reporting units (such as an increase in risk-adjusted discount rates) could have a future material impact on one or more of the estimates and assumptions used to evaluate goodwill impairment. There is no accumulated goodwill impairment for the Company through March 31, 2022.
Other Investments
The Company maintains investments, of which it does not have significant influence, in various equity securities without a readily determinable fair value. Such investments totaled $117 million and $113 million at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, and are included within other long-term assets in the consolidated balance sheets. The Company reviews these investments each reporting period to determine whether an impairment or observable price change for the investment has occurred. To the extent such events or changes occur, the Company evaluates the fair value compared to its cost basis in the investment. Gains or losses from a sale of these investments or a change in fair value are included within other (expense) income in the consolidated statements of income for the period. During the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company remeasured its equity interest in Ondot Systems, Inc. (“Ondot”) to fair value upon acquiring a remaining ownership interest, resulting in the recognition of a pre-tax gain of $12 million (see Note 4). Other adjustments made to the values recorded for certain equity securities and gains and losses from sales of equity securities during the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, were not significant.
Interest Expense, Net
Interest expense, net consists of interest expense primarily associated with the Company’s outstanding borrowings and finance lease obligations, as well as interest income primarily associated with the Company’s investment securities. Interest expense, net consisted of the following:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(In millions)20222021
Interest expense
$171 $177 
Interest income
3 1 
Interest expense, net
$168 $176 
2. Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In 2021, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (“FASB”) issued Accounting Standards Update (“ASU”) No. 2021-10, Government Assistance (Topic 832) (“ASU 2021-10”), which requires that an entity provide certain disclosures in its annual financial statements about transactions with a government that are accounted for by applying a grant or contribution accounting model by analogy. ASU 2021-10 is effective for all business entities for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2021 and may be applied either prospectively or retrospectively to the transactions reflected in the financial statements at the date of initial application. The Company will adopt the additional disclosures prospectively to the transactions reflected in its consolidated financial statements for the year ending December 31, 2022.
In 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-08, Accounting for Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities from Contracts with Customers (“ASU 2021-08”), which requires that an entity recognize and measure contract assets and contract liabilities acquired in a business combination in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts with Customers (“ASC 606”). Generally, this should result in recognition and measurement of contract assets and contract liabilities at carryover value consistent with how they were recognized and measured in the acquiree’s financial statements, providing consistent recognition and enhanced comparability with revenue contracts with customers not acquired in a business combination. Prior to adoption of ASU 2021-08, an acquirer generally recognized contract assets and contract
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liabilities acquired in a business combination at fair value on the acquisition date. For public entities, ASU 2021-08 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022, including interim periods within those fiscal years. Early adoption is permitted, including adoption in an interim period. Entities are required to apply a prospective transition approach upon adoption, unless early adoption occurs in an interim period. The Company adopted ASU 2021-08 effective January 1, 2022, with prospective application to business combinations occurring after adoption.
In 2021, the FASB issued ASU No. 2021-05, Leases (Topic 842): Lessors - Certain Leases with Variable Lease Payments (“ASU 2021-05”), which amends the lease classification requirements for lessors with certain leases containing variable payments. A lessor is to classify and account for a lease with variable lease payments that do not depend on an index or a rate as an operating lease if the lease would have been classified as a sales-type lease or a direct financing lease and the lessor would have otherwise recognized a day-one loss. For public entities, ASU 2021-05 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2021, including interim periods within those fiscal years, with early adoption permitted. Entities that have adopted ASC Topic 842 prior to the issuance of ASU 2021-05 may apply this update either retrospectively to leases that commenced or were modified on or after the adoption of ASC Topic 842 or prospectively to leases that commence or are modified on or after the date the entity first applies ASU 2021-05. The Company adopted ASU 2021-05 effective January 1, 2022, with prospective application to leases commencing or modified thereafter, and the adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
3. Revenue Recognition
The Company generates revenue from the delivery of processing, service and product solutions. Revenue is measured based on consideration specified in a contract with a customer, and excludes any amounts collected on behalf of third parties. The Company recognizes revenue when it satisfies a performance obligation by transferring control over a product or service to a customer which may be at a point in time or over time.
Disaggregation of Revenue
The Company’s operations are comprised of the Merchant Acceptance (“Acceptance”) segment, the Financial Technology (“Fintech”) segment and the Payments and Network (“Payments”) segment. Additional information regarding the Company’s business segments is included in Note 19. The tables below present the Company’s revenue disaggregated by type of revenue, including a reconciliation with its reportable segments. The majority of the Company’s revenue is earned domestically, with revenue generated outside the U.S. comprising approximately 14% and 13% of total revenue in the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021.
(In millions)Reportable Segments
Three Months Ended March 31, 2022 AcceptanceFintechPaymentsCorporate
and Other
Total
Type of Revenue
Processing$1,403 $405 $1,113 $6 $2,927 
Hardware, print and card production225 9 236  470 
Professional services5 116 62  183 
Software maintenance 138 6  144 
License and termination fees14 48 26  88 
Output solutions postage   239 239 
Other6 62 19  87 
Total revenue$1,653 $778 $1,462 $245 $4,138 
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(In millions)Reportable Segments
Three Months Ended March 31, 2021AcceptanceFintechPaymentsCorporate
and Other
Total
Type of Revenue
Processing$1,178 $378 $1,077 $12 $2,645 
Hardware, print and card production190 11 232  433 
Professional services9 111 63  183 
Software maintenance 139 2  141 
License and termination fees10 38 13  61 
Output solutions postage   205 205 
Other10 59 18  87 
Total revenue$1,397 $736 $1,405 $217 $3,755 
Contract Balances
The following table provides information about contract assets and contract liabilities from contracts with customers:
(In millions)March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Contract assets$566 $541 
Contract liabilities841 810 
Contract assets, reported within other long-term assets in the consolidated balance sheets, primarily result from revenue being recognized where payment is contingent upon the transfer of services to a customer over the contractual period. Contract liabilities primarily relate to advance consideration received from customers (deferred revenue) for which transfer of control occurs, and therefore revenue is recognized, as services are provided. Contract balances are reported in a net contract asset or liability position on a contract-by-contract basis at the end of each reporting period. The Company recognized $203 million of revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2022 that was included in the contract liability balance at the beginning of the period.
Transaction Price Allocated to Remaining Performance Obligations
The following table includes estimated processing, services and product revenue expected to be recognized in the future related to performance obligations that were unsatisfied (or partially unsatisfied) at March 31, 2022:
(In millions)
Year Ending December 31,
Remainder of 2022$1,641 
20231,911 
20241,541 
20251,080 
Thereafter1,528 
The Company applies the optional exemption under ASC 606 and does not disclose information about remaining performance obligations for account- and transaction-based processing fees that qualify for recognition under the as-invoiced practical expedient. These multi-year contracts contain variable consideration for stand-ready performance obligations for which the exact quantity and mix of transactions to be processed are contingent upon the customer’s request. The Company also applies the optional exemptions under ASC 606 and does not disclose information for variable consideration that is a sales-based or usage-based royalty promised in exchange for a license of intellectual property or that is allocated entirely to a wholly unsatisfied performance obligation or to a wholly unsatisfied promise to transfer a distinct good or service in a series. The amounts disclosed above as remaining performance obligations consist primarily of fixed or monthly minimum processing fees and maintenance fees under contracts with an original expected duration of greater than one year.
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4. Acquisitions
Acquisitions were accounted for as business combinations using the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with ASC Topic 805, Business Combinations. Purchase price was allocated to the respective assets acquired and liabilities assumed based on the estimated fair values at the date of acquisitions.
Acquisition of BentoBox
On November 22, 2021, the Company acquired BentoBox CMS, Inc (“BentoBox”), a digital marketing and commerce platform that helps restaurants connect with their guests, for approximately $317 million, net of $24 million of acquired cash. BentoBox is included within the Acceptance segment, and further expands the Company’s Clover® dining solutions and commerce and business management capabilities.
During the three months ended March 31, 2022, the Company identified and recorded measurement period adjustments to the preliminary BentoBox purchase price allocation, including refinements to valuations of acquired intangible assets, which were the result of additional analysis performed and information identified based on facts and circumstances that existed as of the acquisition date. These measurement period adjustments resulted in an increase to goodwill of $65 million, with offsetting amounts to the change in goodwill attributable to a decrease in identifiable intangible assets, including acquired software and technology. Such measurement period adjustments did not have a material impact on the Company’s consolidated statements of income. The updated preliminary allocation of purchase price resulted in the recognition of identifiable intangible assets of approximately $52 million, goodwill of approximately $269 million and other net assets of approximately $20 million. The allocation of the purchase price is preliminary and subject to further adjustment, pending additional analysis and final completion of valuations. Goodwill, not expected to be deductible for tax purposes, is primarily attributed to the anticipated value created by the enhanced strength of the Company’s omnichannel platform to drive increased operational efficiencies for restaurants, enabling operators to deliver seamless and distinct hospitality experiences for their diners.
The preliminary amounts allocated to identifiable intangible assets are as follows:
(In millions)Gross Carrying AmountWeighted-Average Useful Life
Acquired software and technology$25 6 years
Customer relationships and other27 4 years
Total$52 5 years
The results of operations for BentoBox are included in the consolidated results of the Company from the date of acquisition. Pro forma information for this acquisition is not provided because it did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations.
Acquisition of Pineapple Payments
On May 4, 2021, the Company acquired Pineapple Payments Holdings, LLC (“Pineapple Payments”), an independent sales organization that provides payment processing, proprietary technology, and payment acceptance solutions for merchants, for $207 million, net of $6 million of acquired cash, and including earn-out provisions estimated at a fair value of $30 million. Pineapple Payments is included within the Acceptance segment, and expands the reach of the Company’s payment solutions through its technology- and relationship-led distribution channels.
The allocation of purchase price was finalized in the fourth quarter of 2021 and resulted in the recognition of identifiable intangible assets of $127 million, goodwill of $79 million and other net assets of $7 million. Goodwill, of which $59 million is deductible for tax purposes, is primarily attributed to the anticipated value created by the accelerated delivery of new and innovative capabilities to merchant clients.
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The amounts allocated to identifiable intangible assets are as follows:
(In millions)Gross Carrying AmountWeighted-Average Useful Life
Customer relationships$90 17 years
Residual buyouts20 8 years
Acquired software and technology6 7 years
Non-compete agreements and other11 5 years
Total$127 14 years
The results of operations for Pineapple Payments are included in the consolidated results of the Company from the date of acquisition. Pro forma information for this acquisition is not provided because it did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations.
Acquisition of Ondot
On January 22, 2021, the Company acquired a remaining ownership interest in Ondot, a digital experience platform provider for financial institutions, for $271 million, net of $13 million of acquired cash and cash equivalents. The Company previously held a noncontrolling equity interest in Ondot, which was accounted for at cost. The remeasurement of the Company’s previously held equity interest to its acquisition-date fair value resulted in the recognition of a pre-tax gain of $12 million included within other (expense) income in the consolidated statement of income during the three months ended March 31, 2021. Ondot is included within the Payments segment and further expands the Company’s digital capabilities, enhancing its suite of integrated payments, banking and merchant solutions.
The allocation of purchase price recorded for Ondot was finalized in the third quarter of 2021 as follows:
(In millions)
Cash and cash equivalents$13 
Receivables and other assets9 
Intangible assets142 
Goodwill173 
Payables and other liabilities(31)
Total consideration$306 
Less: fair value of previously held equity interest(22)
Total purchase price$284 
Goodwill, not deductible for tax purposes, is primarily attributed to the anticipated value created by the combined scale of integrated digital solutions to consumers, merchants, acquirers, networks and card issuers. The amounts allocated to identifiable intangible assets are as follows:
(In millions)Gross Carrying AmountWeighted-Average Useful Life
Acquired software and technology$90 6 years
Customer relationships35 6 years
Non-compete agreements and other17 4 years
Total$142 6 years
The results of operations for Ondot are included in the consolidated results of the Company from the date of acquisition. Pro forma information for this acquisition is not provided because it did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations.
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Other Acquisitions
On November 15, 2021, the Company acquired a remaining ownership interest in NetPay Solutions Group (“NetPay”), a multi-channel payment service provider offering a range of capabilities around onboarding, customer lifecycle, risk management and settlement to businesses of all sizes. The Company previously held a 40% noncontrolling interest in NetPay, which was accounted for under the equity method and approximated acquisition-date fair value. NetPay is included within the Acceptance segment and further expands the Company’s merchant services business. On October 1, 2021, the Company acquired Integrity Payments, LLC (“AIP”), an independent sales organization that promotes payment processing services for merchants, which is included within the Acceptance segment. On June 14, 2021, the Company acquired Spend Labs Inc. (“SpendLabs”), a mobile-native, cloud-based software provider of commercial card payment solutions. SpendLabs is included within the Payments segment and further expands the Company’s digital capabilities across mobile and desktop devices for small and mid-sized businesses. On March 1, 2021, the Company acquired Radius8, Inc. (“Radius8”), a provider of a platform that uses consumer location and other information to drive incremental merchant transactions. Radius8 is included within the Acceptance segment and enhances the Company’s ability to help merchants increase sales, expand mobile application registration and improve one-to-one target marketing. The Company acquired these businesses for an aggregate purchase price of $87 million, net of the fair value of the Company’s previously held non-controlling interest in NetPay of $14 million and including earn-out provisions estimated at a fair value of $4 million (see Note 7). The allocation of purchase price for these acquisitions resulted in the recognition of identifiable intangible assets totaling $47 million, goodwill of $61 million and net assumed liabilities of $7 million. The purchase price allocation for the Radius8 acquisition was finalized in the third quarter of 2021 and for SpendLabs in the fourth quarter of 2021. The purchase price allocations for the NetPay and AIP acquisitions were finalized in the first quarter of 2022. Measurement period adjustments did not have a material impact on the consolidated statements of income. Goodwill, of which $14 million is deductible for tax purposes, is primarily attributed to synergies, the anticipated value created by advancing digital capabilities to the Company’s clients, and selling the Company’s products and services to the acquired businesses’ existing client base.
The amounts allocated to intangible assets are as follows:
(In millions)Gross Carrying AmountWeighted-Average Useful Life
Acquired software and technology$31 6 years
Customer relationships9 10 years
Residual buyouts7 5 years
Total$47 7 years
The results of operations for these acquired businesses have been included in the consolidated results of the Company from the respective dates of acquisition. Pro forma information for these acquisitions is not provided because they did not have a material effect on the Company’s consolidated results of operations.
On April 1, 2022, the Company acquired a remaining ownership interest in Finxact, Inc. (“Finxact”), a developer of cloud-native banking solutions powering digital transformation throughout the financial services sector, for approximately $650 million. This acquisition, to be included within the Fintech segment, is expected to advance the Company’s digital banking strategy, expanding its account processing, digital, and payments solutions, and position the Company as a partner for clients looking to scale, accelerate and expand the digital banking experiences they deliver to their customers. The Company expects to recognize a pre-tax gain of approximately $110 million on the remeasurement of its previously held equity interest to its acquisition-date fair value in the second quarter of 2022.

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5. Intangible Assets
Identifiable intangible assets consisted of the following:
(In millions)Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
March 31, 2022
Customer relationships$14,873 $5,391 $9,482 
Acquired software and technology2,415 982 1,433 
Trade names617 244 373 
Purchased software1,160 498 662 
Capitalized software and other intangibles2,056 564 1,492 
Total$21,121 $7,679 $13,442 
(In millions)Gross
Carrying
Amount
Accumulated
Amortization
Net Book
Value
December 31, 2021
Customer relationships$15,103 $5,112 $9,991 
Acquired software and technology2,522 901 1,621 
Trade names612 228 384 
Purchased software1,133 479 654 
Capitalized software and other intangibles1,879 520 1,359 
Total$21,249 $7,240 $14,009 
Amortization expense associated with the above identifiable intangible assets was as follows:
Three Months Ended
March 31,
(In millions)20222021
Amortization expense$625 $642 
6. Investments in Unconsolidated Affiliates
The Company maintains investments in various affiliates that are accounted for as equity method investments, the most significant of which are related to the Company’s merchant alliances. The Company’s share of net income or loss from these investments is reported within income from investments in unconsolidated affiliates and the related tax expense or benefit is reported within the income tax provision in the consolidated statements of income.
The Company maintains noncontrolling ownership interests in defi SOLUTIONS Group, LLC and Sagent M&C, LLC (collectively the “Lending Joint Ventures”), respectively, which are accounted for using the equity method of accounting. In March 2022, Sagent M&C, LLC (“Sagent”) completed a transaction with a third party for the contribution from and the sale by such third party to Sagent of certain intangible and tangible personal property rights, resulting in a dilution of the Company’s ownership interest in Sagent. As a result of the transaction, the Company recognized a pre-tax gain of $80 million within income from investments in unconsolidated affiliates, with related tax expense of $19 million recorded through the income tax provision, in the consolidated statement of income during the three months ended March 31, 2022. The Company’s remaining noncontrolling ownership interest in Sagent will continue to be accounted for as an equity method investment.
The Lending Joint ventures maintain variable-rate term loan facilities with aggregate outstanding borrowings of $360 million in senior unsecured debt and variable-rate revolving credit facilities with an aggregate borrowing capacity of $45 million with a syndicate of banks, which mature in March 2023. Outstanding borrowings on the revolving credit facilities at March 31, 2022 were $22 million. The Company has guaranteed this debt of the Lending Joint Ventures and does not anticipate that the Lending Joint Ventures will fail to fulfill their debt obligations. In April 2022, the Lending Joint Ventures amended their respective term loans and revolving credit facilities. See Note 7 for additional information.
The Company previously maintained a noncontrolling interest in Tegra118, LLC (“Tegra118”) which was accounted for using the equity method of accounting. In February 2021, Tegra118 completed a merger with a third party, resulting in a dilution of
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the Company’s ownership interest in the combined new entity, Wealthtech Holdings, LLC, which was subsequently renamed as InvestCloud Holdings, LLC (“InvestCloud”). In connection with the transaction, the Company made an additional capital contribution of $200 million into the combined entity and recognized a pre-tax gain of $28 million within income from investments in unconsolidated affiliates, with related tax expense of $6 million recorded through the income tax provision, in the consolidated statement of income during the three months ended March 31, 2021. The Company’s remaining 24% ownership interest in InvestCloud was accounted for as an equity method investment through June 2021, the date on which the Company subsequently sold its entire remaining ownership interest in InvestCloud. The Company continues to provide various technical and data center related services under the terms of a pre-existing transition services agreement with InvestCloud.
7. Fair Value Measurements
The fair values of cash equivalents, trade accounts receivable, settlement assets and obligations, accounts payable, and client deposits approximate their respective carrying values due to the short period of time to maturity. The Company’s derivative instruments are measured on a recurring basis based on foreign currency spot rates and forwards quoted by banks and foreign currency dealers and are marked to market each period (see Note 12). Contingent consideration related to certain of the Company’s acquisitions (see Note 4) is estimated based on the present value of a probability-weighted assessment approach derived from the likelihood of achieving the earn-out criteria. The fair value of the Company’s contingent liability for current expected credit losses associated with its debt guarantees, as further described below, is estimated based on assumptions of future risk of default and the corresponding level of credit losses at the time of default.

Assets and liabilities measured at fair value on a recurring basis consisted of the following:
Fair Value
(In millions)ClassificationFair Value HierarchyMarch 31,
2022
December 31,
2021
Assets
   Cash flow hedgesPrepaid expenses and other current assetsLevel 2$4 $6 
Liabilities
Contingent considerationAccounts payable and accrued expensesLevel 3$2 $2 
Contingent considerationOther long-term liabilitiesLevel 32 32 
Contingent debt guaranteeAccounts payable and accrued expensesLevel 33 4 
The Company’s senior notes are recorded at amortized cost but measured at fair value for disclosure purposes. The estimated fair value of senior notes was based on matrix pricing which considers readily observable inputs of comparable securities (Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy). The carrying value of the Company’s foreign lines of credit, debt associated with the receivables securitization agreement, term loan credit agreement, commercial paper notes and revolving credit facility borrowings approximates fair value as these instruments have variable interest rates and the Company has not experienced any change to its credit ratings (Level 2 of the fair value hierarchy). The estimated fair value of total debt, excluding finance leases and other financing obligations, was $20.3 billion and $21.8 billion at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, and the carrying value was $20.3 billion and $20.4 billion at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively.
The Company maintains a liability for its non-contingent obligations to perform over the term of its debt guarantee arrangements with the Lending Joint Ventures (see Note 6), which is reported within accounts payable and accrued expenses in the consolidated balance sheets at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021. The non-contingent component of the Company’s debt guarantee arrangements is recorded at amortized cost but measured at fair value for disclosure purposes. The carrying value of the Company’s non-contingent liability of $8 million and $10 million approximates the fair value at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively (Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy). Such guarantees will be amortized in future periods over the contractual term. In addition, the Company maintains a contingent liability ($3 million and $4 million at March 31, 2022 and December 31, 2021, respectively, as reported within accounts payable and accrued expenses in the consolidated balance sheets), representing the current expected credit losses to which the Company is exposed. This contingent liability is estimated based on certain financial metrics of the Lending Joint Ventures and historical industry data, which is used to develop assumptions of the likelihood the guaranteed parties will default and the level of credit losses in the event a default occurs (Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy). The Company recognized $3 million during each of the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively, within other income in its consolidated statements of income related to its release from risk under the non-contingent guarantees as well as a change in the provision of estimated credit losses associated with the indebtedness of the joint ventures. In April 2022, the Lending Joint Ventures amended their respective term loans and revolving credit facilities, increasing aggregate borrowing capacity by $75 million and extending the maturity to April 2027. The Company has elected to guarantee this incremental indebtedness, for a defined fee, and does not anticipate that the Lending Joint Ventures will fail to
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fulfill their debt obligations. The Company has not made any payments under the guarantees, nor has it been called upon to do so.
In addition, certain of the Company’s non-financial assets are measured at fair value on a non-recurring basis, including property and equipment, lease right-of-use (“ROU”) assets, equity securities without a readily determinable fair value, goodwill and other intangible assets, and are subject to fair value adjustment in certain circumstances.
8. Accounts Payable and Accrued Expenses
Accounts payable and accrued expenses consisted of the following:
(In millions)March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Trade accounts payable$439 $593 
Client deposits806 783 
Accrued compensation and benefits297 392 
Accrued taxes227 154 
Accrued interest198 216 
Other accrued expenses1,360 1,412 
Total$3,327 $3,550 
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9. Debt
The Company’s debt consisted of the following:
(In millions)March 31, 2022December 31, 2021
Short-term and current maturities of long-term debt:
Foreign lines of credit$261 $240 
Finance lease and other financing obligations291 268 
Total short-term and current maturities of long-term debt$552 $508 
Long-term debt:
3.500% senior notes due October 2022
$700 $700 
0.375% senior notes due July 2023 (Euro-denominated)
555 566 
3.800% senior notes due October 2023
1,000 1,000 
2.750% senior notes due July 2024
2,000 2,000 
3.850% senior notes due June 2025
900 900 
2.250% senior notes due July 2025 (British Pound-denominated)
687 705 
3.200% senior notes due July 2026
2,000 2,000 
2.250% senior notes due June 2027
1,000 1,000 
1.125% senior notes due July 2027 (Euro-denominated)
555 566 
4.200% senior notes due October 2028
1,000 1,000 
3.500% senior notes due July 2029
3,000 3,000 
2.650% senior notes due June 2030
1,000 1,000 
1.625% senior notes due July 2030 (Euro-denominated)
555 566 
3.000% senior notes due July 2031 (British Pound-denominated)
687 705 
4.400% senior notes due July 2049
2,000 2,000 
U.S. commercial paper notes685 916 
Euro commercial paper notes1,165 905 
Revolving credit facility 97 
Receivable securitized loan483 500 
Term loan facility200 200 
Unamortized discount and deferred financing costs(119)(125)
Finance lease and other financing obliga